Carr, L. Deroure D. Harnad S. Hey J. Hey T. Hitchcock S. and C. Oppenheim "Written Evidence to 2003 House of Commons Science and Technology Committee." ECS EPrints Repository
vol., n. (2004). pp.: http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/13105/1/399we151.htm
The UK should maximise the benefits to the British tax-payer from the research it funds by mandating not only (as it does now) that all findings should be published, but also that open access to them should be provided, for all potential users, through either of the two available means: (1) publishing them in open-access journals (whenever suitable ones exists) (5%) and (2) publishing the rest (95%) in toll-access journals whilst also self-archiving them publicly on their own university's website. (1) Open access (worldwide) to UK research output maximises the impact (ie, visibility, usage, application, citation) of UK research output, enhancing the productivity and progress of UK (and worldwide) research, thereby maximising the return on the UK tax-payer's support for research. (2) The unified open-access provision strategy supported by the Budapest Open Access Initiative, the Berlin Declaration, and other such current movements involves two complementary strategies OAJ and OAA: (OAJ) Researchers publish their research in an open-access journal if a suitable one exists, otherwise (OAA) they publish it in a suitable toll-access journal and also self-archive it in their own research institution's open-access research archive. So why is the Science and Technology Committee inquiry into scientific publications considering only open access journals (OAJ), rather than also considering, at least as seriously, mandating university-based provision of open access to their own (peer-reviewed, published) research output (OAA)? (3) It would be a great mistake (and the press release already suggests some risk of making it) if open-access provision were to be mistakenly identified only, or even primarily, with OAJ (open access journal publishing). There are still far too few open-access journals, whereas OAA self-archiving has the power to provide immediate open access for all the rest of UK research output. The UK government can do a great deal to maximise the access to and the impact of UK research output through government research funding policies and through HEFCE influence over academic institutional policy through research assessment and funding, in particular, by extending existing publish-or-perish policy to mandate open-access provision. (4) What parliament should mandate is accordingly open-access provision for all funded research.
Cartagena, Universidad Politécnica De "Política institucional de acceso abierto a la producción científica, educativa y cultural de la Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena: Acceso, visibilidad, impacto y preservación de la producción científica, académica, educativa y cultural de la UPCT en Internet." Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena
vol., n. (2010). pp.: http://www.upct.es/contenido/universidad/secgen/subdocs/2246_2_%20Politica%20institucional%20UPCT%20acceso%20abierto%20FINAL.pdf
La publicación de artículos publicados en revistas científicas o de textos presentados en encuentros de expertos (congresos, seminarios, etc.) en acceso electrónico abierto en Internet, se está convirtiendo en un sistema de publicación complementario al tradicional en revistas de editoriales científicas, actas de congresos, etc. Archivar una copia de las publicaciones que emanan de las actividades de investigación en depósitos electrónicos abiertos, presenta los siguientes beneficios: - Aumenta la difusión de los resultados de las investigaciones: más visibilidad para el autor y para sus resultados. - Favorece el impacto de las publicaciones: más citas a los autores y a las publicaciones.
- Incrementa la visibilidad de las instituciones a las que están vinculados los autores: mejora el posicionamiento institucional. Hasta hace unos años, la práctica de archivar en depósitos electrónicos abiertos estaba limitada por las políticas de las editoriales científicas. Actualmente, la casi totalidad de las editoriales, autorizan al autor a depositar una reproducción de la publicación en un depósito electrónico abierto, temático o institucional.
Chýla, Roman "What open source webpublishing software has the scientific community for e-journals?" E-LIS: E-Prints in Library and Information Science
vol., n. (2007). pp.: http://eprints.rclis.org/archive/00010870/
Ch²la, Roman (2007) What open source webpublishing software has the scientific community for e-journals?. In Proceedings CASLIN 2007, Stupava (Slovak Republic). Nowadays a scientific community can use different electronic publishing systems for the e-journals (journal management systems). Open-source ones were developed solely for e-publications' management and now, in 2007, we can say three of them are of general use for e-journals: Digital Publishing System (DPubs), ePublishing toolkit (ePubTk), Open Journal System (OJS). There exists also different content management systems (CMS), yet those were not primarily built for e-journals and are usable only with a special publication module. Finally, the third option is to pay for a service of different publishers and providers with their own publication systems. This paper deals with comparison of the first two options: specialised systems for e-journals on one side and general CMS on the other side. With examples of open-source publication systems we want to compare their advantages and disadvantages, area of aplication, and their functions for the management of the e-journal publishing process.
Cívico Martín, Rafaela and José Carlos Villadóniga Gómez "La gestión de los derechos de autor de las tesis doctorales en acceso abierto." Jornadas Bibliotecarias de Andalucía
vol. 15, n. (2009). pp.: http://www.aab.es/pdfs/jba15/19-Gestion_de_los_derechos_de_autor.pdf
Se expone brevemente la experiencia que la Biblioteca de la Universidad de Huelva está llevando a cabo en materia de derechos de autor, para la edición de las tesis doctorales en Arias Montano: Repositorio Institucional de la Universidad de Huelva. Se ofrece una visión de cómo proteger los derechos de autor de las tesis, con referencias al contrato de edición electrónica, así como a las licencias Creative Commons. Asimismo, se describe el proceso a seguir para publicar e incorporar las tesis leídas a Arias Montano. Se concluye que el contrato de edición electrónica es un mecanismo que aporta ventajas tanto a la Universidad como a los autores. A la Universidad le permite poner en acceso abierto una parte importante de su producción científica, y a los autores les ofrece la posibilidad de publicar su tesis con total garantía de sus derechos, así como la accesibilidad, difusión y visibilidad que permiten los actuales repositorios abiertos (OAI).
Coates, Jessica M. "Creative Commons : the next generation : Creative Commons licence use five years on." SCRIPTed
vol. 4, n. 1 (2007). pp.: http://eprints.qut.edu.au/32006/
Since its launch in 2001, the Creative Commons open content licensing initiative has received both praise and censure. While some have touted it as a major step towards removing the burdens copyright law imposes on creativity and innovation in the digital age, others have argued that it robs artists of their rightful income. This paper aims to provide a brief overview and analysis of the practical application of the Creative Commons licences five years after their launch. It looks at how the Creative Commons licences are being used and who is using them, and attempts to identify likely motivations for doing so. By identifying trends in how this licence use has changed over time, it also attempts to rebut arguments that Creative Commons is a movement of academics and hobbyists, and has no value for traditional organisations or working artists.
Cobcroft, Rachel S., Jessica M. Coates, et al. "Asia and the Commons : case studies 2008."
vol., n. (2008). pp.: http://eprints.qut.edu.au/32011/
A collection of case studies of individuals and organisations utilising open models in the Asia Pacific and associated regions. The case studies represent activities in nine countries, broader regions such as the Arab nations, and global efforts towards sustainability and social justice, revealing creative ways of participating in the commons. Featured are remix artists, performers, open source software programmers, film makers, collecting institutions and publishing houses focused on democracy and change, who demonstrate a diverse set of motivations to engage with the shared ideals of openness and community collaboration.
Commons, Creative "The Power of Open " Creative Commons
vol., n. (2011). pp.: http://thepowerofopen.org/assets/pdfs/tpoo_webres.pdf
Creative Commons es una organización sin ánimo de lucro que desarrolla, gestiona y proporciona infraestructura jurídica y técnica con el objetivo de maximizar la innovación, el intercambio y creatividad digital. Las licencias Creative Commons ofrecen una alternativas simple y normalizada al paradigma tradicional del lema “todos los derechos reservados” de los derechos de autor tradicionales. The Power of Open recoge recoge la práctica llevada a cabo por diferentes organizaciones y autores que utilizan licencias Creative Commons como ProPublica una asociación de las empresas más grandes del mundo de medios de comunicación ganadora del premio Pulitzer de periodismo de investigación o el cineasta Vicent Monn. La amplitud de usos de las licencias Creative Commons es tan grande como la creatividad de los individuos y las organizaciones para abrir su contenido, el arte y las ideas con el resto del mundo, convirtiendo el hecho de compartir en su valor fundamental para muchas obras que fueron previamente sólo disponibles en el marco de todos los derechos reservados. El objetivo del libro es que ayude a muchas personas a conocer y adoptar licencias Creative Commons para que sus contribuciones al patrimonio intelectual pueden proporcionar el mayor beneficio posible a todas las personas.
Cordón Garcia, José Antonio, Julio Alonso Arévalo, et al. "La propiedad intelectual y los derechos de autor en bibliotecas y centros de información: revistas digitales y acceso abierto." Javier Torres Ripa y José Antonio Gómez Hernández (coords). El copyright en cuestión : Diálogos sobre propiedad intelectual. Bilbao:Deusto, 2011
vol., n. (2011). pp.:
El sector del libro se define en términos económicos como un oligopolio por sectores: algunos grandes grupos controlan el mercado y muchos
pequeños editores se sitúan en los márgenes. Estos márgenes ocupan su lugar dentro del sistema; constituyen laboratorios para el descubrimiento y lanzamiento de autores sin asumir el riesgo financiero inherente al lanzamiento y comercialización de un libro. Son los grandes grupos los que recuperan a los autores exitosos gracias a su potencial financiero y publicitario.
Covey, Denise Troll "Acquiring Copyright Permission to Digitize and Provide Open Access to Books
by Denise Troll Covey." Digital Library Federation. Council on Library and Information Resources
vol., n. (2005). pp.: http://www.clir.org/pubs/reports/pub134/pub134col.pdf
The contemporary academic library and its users have an appetite for digital copies of books that far outstrips the willingness and ability of publishers to provide such access. In the science disciplines, contemporary and historical journal literature is becoming widely available in digital format, albeit at considerable cost. Access to the scholarly record in digital form is already transforming the manner in which science disciplines communicate, publish, research, and review excellence. This widespread access is not the case for the mass of works in the humanities, arts, and social sciences. Yet it is in these disciplines that the utility of older scholarly books and journal articles tends to be the greatest. Scholars have great interest in digital access to even the very earliest primary works of literature, history, philosophy, religion, and culture that have appeared in print.
De Robbio, Antonella "Open access e copyright: il copyright scientifico nelle produzioni intellettuali di ricerca." E-LIS: E-Prints in Library and Information Science
vol., n. (2006). pp.: http://eprints.rclis.org/8268/
The aim of Open Access international movement is the removal of any economic, legal or technical barrier to the access to scientific information, this in order to guarantee scientific and technological progress for the benefit of the collectivity. Copyright Management in higher education is a strategic issue because it is involved in any process from creation to dissemination of scholarly works created at the university. Whatever the situation regarding ownership of copyright, university policies should balance the interests of stakeholders by reserving rights or benefits for research uses or teaching activities. A variety of approach can exist even within one country, depending by laws or by habits to faculties. Copyright laws - customized on musical and cinematographic environment - are often inadequate to deal with the complex issues surrounding the management of intellectual works created at universities. Nowadays, inside scholarship communication world, the copyright is perceived as very strong legal barrier, because copyright laws influence in a negative way the dissemination of intellectual research output, and most intellectual content (90%) are hindered inside editorial platforms. Furthermore authors, but also Universities, not always are awake about difference between authorship and ownership with disastrous consequences about rights ceased to third market actors which limit or slowdown the dissemination processes and negatively influences the impact on the community, with heavy cultural, social and economic relapses. For this reason authors must take the control of their right and learn to determine the conditions under which her or his work is made available on open access, choosing to deposit a copy of a work in a repository or publish in an open access journal. On the other side the universities, in particular in Italy, should put as priority the identification of stakeholders and the allocation of their own interests. This direction is a crucial step toward the development of policies or agreements that seek to assure to the University and their authors the ability to use and manage the works in fulfillment of their most important interests.
Fernández Morales, Isabel "El impacto de los archivos de e-prints en la comunicación científica entre los investigadores españoles: aceptación y uso." Jornadas Españolas de Documentación
vol. 9, n. (2005). pp.: http://www.fesabid.org/madrid2005/descargas/presentaciones/comunicaciones/fdez_morales_isabel.pps
Se discute la significación de los archivos de e-prints entre los científicos del CSIC, en un contexto donde la función de las revistas científicas tradicionales está siendo puesta en duda por los investigadores y el entorno académico. A través de una encuesta, una revisión bibliográfica y la navegación por sitios web estratégicos dedicados a los e-prints en todo el mundo se llega a la conclusión de que este nuevo modelo de comunicación no ha penetrado aún entre nuestros investigadores ni entre sus instituciones. Las causas que se desprenden de este estudio tienen que ver con: Desconocimiento de las ventajas de este sistema de publicación; arraigada cultura de publicación en revistas tradicionales con sistema de evaluación por expertos; infravaloración de estas publicaciones para evaluar la producción científica; miedo a perder el control sobre la propiedad intelectual. Sin embargo, los encuestados afirman mayoritariamente que los e-prints pueden redundar en una productividad científica más alta.
Fitzgerald, Anne M. "Open access policies, practices and licensing : a review of the literature in Australia and selected jurisdictions."
vol., n. (2009). pp.: http://eprints.qut.edu.au/28026/
The full economic, cultural and environmental value of information produced or funded by the public sector can be realised through enabling greater access to and reuse of the information. To do this effectively it is necessary to describe and implement a policy framework that supports greater access and reuse among a distributed, online network of information suppliers and users. The objective of this study was to identify materials dealing with policies, principles and practices relating to information access and reuse in Australia and in other key jurisdictions internationally. Open Access Policies, Practices and Licensing: A review of the literature in Australia and selected jurisdictions sets out the findings of an extensive review of published materials dealing with policies, practices and legal issues relating to information access and reuse, with a particular focus on materials generated, held or funded by public sector bodies. The report was produced as part of the work program of the project “Enabling Real-Time Information Access in Both Urban and Regional Areas”, established within the Cooperative Research Centre for Spatial Information (CRCSI).
Fitzgerald, Anne M. "Overview : open access policies, practices and licensing : a review of the literature in Australia and selected jurisdictions."
vol., n. (2009). pp.: http://eprints.qut.edu.au/28146/
Governments generate a vast and important flow of information and content which is produced by their employees and contractors, or by other organisations that receive government funding, across a very broad range of scientific, social, cultural and economic activity. The term “public sector information” (PSI) is used here in a broad sense to include information and data produced by the public sector as well as materials that result from publicly-funded cultural, educational and scientific activities. It can include policy documents and reports of government departments, public registers, legislation and regulations, meteorological information, scientific research databases, statistical compilations and datasets, maps and geospatial information1 and numerous other data and information products produced by government for public purposes. The importance of ensuring that such information flows to those who want access to it in order to use and reuse it is increasingly recognised. The value of PSI derives from its use. A great deal of the information and content generated by governments and publicly-funded researchers is of value and relevance to the broader community. Properly used, as well as contributing to social and economic development, advancing education, research and innovation, it enhances public health and safety, creates opportunities for engagement between government and citizens, fosters transparency of governance and promotes democratic ideals. It is an essential foundation of an informed, participatory society and provides a foundation for evidence-based policy and decision-making, for example, in the planning and delivery of health and social welfare programs. The ability of the global community to address pressing challenges in the environmental, economic, health, cultural, and other fields is dependent on realising the full potential of this information and data, which demands improved levels of access and clearer reuse rights.
Fitzgerald, Anne M. "Open access and public sector information : policy developments in Australia and key jurisdictions." Access to Public Sector Information : Law, Technology & Policy
vol., n. (2010). pp.: http://eprints.qut.edu.au/31024/
This book chapter considers recent developments in Australia and key jurisdictions both in relation to the formation of a national information strategy and the management of legal rights in public sector information.
Fitzgerald, Anne M., Brian F. Fitzgerald, et al. "Enabling open access to public sector information with Creative Commons Licences : the Australian experience." Access to Public Sector Information : Law, Technology & Policy
vol., n. (2010). pp.: http://eprints.qut.edu.au/29773/
This chapter considers how open content licences of copyright-protected materials – specifically, Creative Commons (CC) licences - can be used by governments as a simple and effective mechanism to enable reuse of their PSI, particularly where materials are made available in digital form online or distributed on disk.
Fitzgerald, Anne M., Kylie M. Pappalardo, et al. "Practical Data Management: A Legal and Policy Guide."
vol., n. (2008). pp.: http://eprints.qut.edu.au/14923/
This guide has been produced to meet the demand for resources to assist researchers with data management. It is designed to help researchers and database managers understand the legal, management and policy questions that arise in relation to research data. The guide is based on the recommendations made in chapter 10 of Building the Infrastructure for Data Access and Reuse in Collaborative Research: An Analysis of the Legal Context (2007) OAK Law Project and Legal Framework for e-Research Project.
Fitzgerald, Brian F. "Copyright 2010: The Need for Better Negotiability/Usability Principles." Knowledge Policy: Challenges for the 21st Century
vol., n. (2008). pp.: http://eprints.qut.edu.au/5260/
Creative economy guru, John Howkins, has a plan for a project over the next few years culminating in a congressional styled conference in London in 2010. It will celebrate, commiserate and investigate three hundred years of copyright law in England, since the passing of the Statute of Anne in 1709, and most importantly will chart a course for the future. This chapter considers three principles that might be invoked to make copyright material more legally accessible in the digital environment and thereby starts a journey towards Copyright 2010.
Fitzgerald, Brian F., Jessica M. Coates, et al. "Open Content Licensing: Cultivating the Creative Commons."
vol., n. (2007). pp.: http://eprints.qut.edu.au/6677/
Open Content Licensing: Cultivating the Creative Commons brings together papers from some of the most prominent thinkers of our time on the internet, law and the importance of open content licensing in the digital age. Drawing on material presented at the Queensland University of Technology conference of the same name in January 2005, the text provides a snapshot of the thoughts of over 30 Australian and international experts – including Professor Lawrence Lessig, Futurist Richard Neville and the Hon Justice Ronald Sackville – on topics surrounding the international Creative Commons, from the landmark Eldred v Ashcroft copyright term decision to the legalities of digital sampling in a remix world. Edited book: Contributors include: Richard Neville, Professor Arun Sharma, Mark Fallu, Professor Barry Conyngham AM, Greg Lane, Professor Brian Fitzgerald, Nic Suzor, Professor Lawrence Lessig, Professor Richard Jones, Professor Greg Hearn, Professor John Quiggin, Dr David Rooney, Neeru Paharia, Michael Lavarch, Stuart Cunningha, Dr Terry Cutler, Damien O’Brien, Renato Ianella, Carol Fripp, Dennis MacNamara, Jean Burgess, The Hon Justice James Douglas, The Hon Justice Ronald Sackville, Linda Lavarch MP, Tom Cochrane, Ian Oi, Dr Anne Fitzgerald, Neale Hooper, Keith Done, Sal Humphreys, John Banks
Fitzgerald, Brian F., Anne M. Fitzgerald, et al. "Open Access to Knowledge (OAK) Law Project Report No. 1: Creating a legal framework for copyright management of open access within the Australian academic and research sector." E-LIS: E-Prints in Library and Information Science
vol., n. (2006). pp.: http://eprints.qut.edu.au/6099/
This Report analyses the copyright law framework needed to ensure open access to outputs of the Australian academic and research sector such as datasets, articles and theses. It is written in the context of an increasing recognition, in Australia and internationally, that access to knowledge is a key driver of social, cultural and economic development and that publicly funded research should be openly accessible. With the objective of enabling access to knowledge, this Report proposes the development of clear protocols for copyright management (designed as practical and effective tools) for implementation in the Australian academic and research sector The Report explains that with the rise of networked digital technologies our knowledge landscape and innovation system is more and more reliant on best practice copyright management strategies. Furthermore in the 21st century these strategies need to accommodate both the demands for open sharing of knowledge and traditional commercialisation models. To this end, this Report examines the way in which practices for managing copyright, interact with the new web based frameworks that have developed for knowledge creation and dissemination. It focuses on specific areas that are central to the promotion of innovation and creativity in Australia, with emphasis on various types of repositories. More specifically, this Report provides an overview of the principles of copyright law, the concept of open access to knowledge, the recently developed open content models of copyright licensing and proposes a framework for enhancing the management of copyright interests in research and academic output (including electronic theses and dissertations (ETD)). The Report describes a forward work program which, upon implementation, will provide the platform for the development of systems and practices designed to effectively promote open access to knowledge within the Australian academic and research sector. The Report calls upon Australian research and funding institutions to consider their commitment to open access and articulate this in clear polices and copyright management frameworks. It proposes a survey of researchers about their understanding of, attitudes towards and experience with publishing agreements and the provision of model agreements that can facilitate open access and commercialisation objectives. The Report details a methodology for cataloguing and better understanding publishers’ attitudes towards open access. This list aims to be interoperable with the existing SHERPA list based in the UK and accessible through a web interface known as the OAK List. Finally the Report looks at copyright management of open access to ETD and makes proposals for better managing this process. In all of these endeavours the OAK Law Project aims to undertake work that will be of relevance to and can be utilised by key stakeholders.
Fitzgerald, Brian F. and Kylie M. Pappalardo "The Law as Cyberinfrastructure." CT Watch Quarterly
vol. 3, n. 3 (2007). pp.: http://eprints.qut.edu.au/9668/
The Law as Cyberinfrastructure considers open licensing models for use in collaborative endeavour through networked cyberinfrastructure. Open content licensing for copyright material is considered, with examples of the use of open content licensing from two major scientific research publication projects. The most common of the open content licensing models, Creative Commons, is described and the potential use of Creative Commons for databases is demonstrated. Open patent licensing is also examined and the perceived benefits and risks of open patent licensing are discussed.
Fitzgerald, Brian F. and Jason F. Reid "Digital rights management (DRM): managing digital rights for open access." Handbook On The Knowledge Economy
vol., n. (2005). pp.: http://eprints.qut.edu.au/1544/
When one mentions the term digital rights management (DRM), the immediate perception is of a copyright owner seeking to further exploit their product for economic reward. This article explains the nonrivalrous nature of information and how intellectual property rights can also be used to manage digital content for open access. In short DRM should be seen as being capable of facilitating not only restricted access but also facilitating open access. The paradigm shift proposed is for us to conceptualise DRM as being about the management of intellectual propert rights either for an open or restrictive purpose.
Franceschini, Maria Grazia, Federico Meschini, et al. "L'Open Archive della Tuscia: un ponte tra docenti e biblioteca." E-LIS: E-Prints in Library and Information Science
vol. 10, n. 28 (2009). pp. 5-26. http://eprints.rclis.org/16601/
This paper illustrates the experience made at Tuscia University about both the creation and the administration of an institutional repository. Unitus DSpace, this is the name of the open archive, has been created by means of collaboration between academic staff and librarians, and has been in function since 2005. A particular attention has been given to doctoral thesis, upon which the work of librarians has been focused on, having a constant and active cooperation with the competent administrative staff. Other issues which have been handled are promotion of open access movement in the university, metadata standards, copyright, and more technical aspects. Next step is an analysis and review of the results so to constantly improve Unitus Dspace.
Gadd, Elizabeth "The Intellectual Property Rights Issues Facing Self-archiving Key Findings of the RoMEO Project." D-Lib Magazine
vol. 9, n. 9 (2003). pp.: http://www.dlib.org/dlib/september03/gadd/09gadd.html
Inspired by the Open Archives Initiative, the United Kingdom (UK) Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) established the FAIR (Focus on Access to Institutional Repositories) programme in 2002. One of the programme's objectives was to 'explore the challenges associated with disclosure and sharing [of content], including IPR and the role of institutional repositories'. To this end, the JISC funded a one-year project called RoMEO (Rights Metadata for Open archiving). RoMEO, which took place between 2002–2003, specifically looked at the self-archiving of academic research papers, and the subsequent disclosure and harvesting of metadata about those papers using the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH) by OAI Data and Service Providers [Open Archives Initiative, 2002a].
Gadd, Elizabeth, Charles Oppenheim, et al. "The Intellectual Property Rights Issues Facing Self-archiving Key Findings of the RoMEO Project." D-Lib Magazine
vol. 9, n. 9 (2003). pp.: http://www.dlib.org/dlib/september03/gadd/09gadd.html
Inspired by the Open Archives Initiative, the United Kingdom (UK) Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) established the FAIR (Focus on Access to Institutional Repositories) programme in 2002. One of the programme's objectives was to 'explore the challenges associated with disclosure and sharing [of content], including IPR and the role of institutional repositories'. To this end, the JISC funded a one-year project called RoMEO (Rights Metadata for Open archiving). RoMEO, which took place between 2002–2003, specifically looked at the self-archiving of academic research papers, and the subsequent disclosure and harvesting of metadata about those papers using the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH) by OAI Data and Service Providers.
Gadd, Elizabeth, Charles Oppenheim, et al. "RoMEO studies 1: the impact of copyright ownership on academic author self-archiving." Journal of Documentation
vol. 59, n. 3 (2003). pp.: http://angelina.emeraldinsight.com/vl=8753123/cl=40/nw=1/fm=docpdf/rpsv/cw/mcb/00220418/v59n3/s1/p243
This is the first of a series of studies emanating from the UK JISC-funded RoMEO Project (Rights Metadata for Open-archiving) which investigated the IPR issues relating to academic author self-archiving of research papers. It considers the claims for copyright ownership in research papers by universities, academics, and publishers by drawing on the literature, a survey of 542 academic authors and an analysis of 80 journal publisher copyright transfer agreements. The paper concludes that self-archiving is not best supported by copyright transfer to publishers. It recommends that universities assert their interest in copyright ownership in the long term, that academics retain rights in the short term, and that publishers consider new ways of protecting the value they add through journal publishing.
Geist, Michael "Unlocking Access." E-LIS: E-Prints in Library and Information Science
vol., n. (2007). pp.: http://eprints.rclis.org/11697/
We hold the key to unlocking access! This dynamic presentation covers open access in the broader context of the potential of the internet. Reasons for providing open access include: it's required (for example, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research open access policy), it's easy, and there are many benefits. Discusses open licenses, open digitization methods, new means of delivering content, open content and collaborative content development. This presentation includes many examples of interesting open access projects, particularly within the Canadian context, such as the IDRC digital library, Alouette Canada, OA books such as In the Public Interest, the Public Knowledge Project and Open Medicine, YouTube and more.
Giunti, Maria Chiara "The pirate from Koenigsberg: why closed source software is not worth of copyright protection." E-LIS: E-Prints in Library and Information Science
vol., n. (2007). pp.: http://eprints.rclis.org/archive/00010831/
Pievatolo, Maria Chiara (2007) The pirate from Koenigsberg: why closed source software is not worth of copyright protection. According to Kant, property applies only to touchable things, among which he includes the works of art. For the very principle of private property, a legitimate purchaser has the right to replicate and to share them without restrictions. Kant recognizes copyright only on written texts, by conceiving them as speeches that exclusively authorized spokespersons - the publishers - may convey to the public in the name of their authors. The rights of the authorized publishers, however, are justified only if they help the public to get the texts. In a Kantian environment, open source software would be worth of copyright protection, because it can be conceived as a speech meant to human beings. On the contrary, Kant would treat closed source programs as works of art, without according them copyright protection, because, as none is allowed to read and to understand them, they cannot be conceived as a speeches meant to the public. Closed source programs are like sealed books that no one is allowed to read: why do we keep on taking for granted that they are worth of copyright protection?
Giusti, Marisa R. De, Maria Marta Vila, et al. "SeDiCI: Servicio de Difusión de la Creación Intelectual." Revista Interamericana de Bibliotecologia
vol. 31, n. 2 (2008). pp. 187-202. http://www.scielo.org.co/scielo.php?pid=S0120-09762008000200008&script=sci_arttext
This paper resents the intellectual creativity dissemination service (SeDICI) of the National University of La Plata (UNLP) from the point of view of the goals that led UNLP to its creation. The steps carried out to start up this institutional repository are described in great detail; in particular, the easiness provided by Celsius-DL the software developed at the UNLP, which supports the SeDICI portal. Adapted from the source document.
Harper, Georgia K. "OA, IRs and IP: Open Access, Digital Copyright and Marketplace Competition." University of Texas at Austin Libraries
vol., n. (2009). pp.: http://wikis.ala.org/midwinter2009/images/5/5e/Harper_G_MW09handout.pdf
The fundamental concerns about intellectual property for open access institutional repositories are not about who owns what rights, or who can do what with them, or what you have to require contributors to give your institution to be sure you’ve got the rights you need to provide open access to their works. Those guidelines are readily devised and applied. The copyright conundrum created by open access is more basic than this: Is it appropriate, is it even necessary, and certainly, is it the best way going forward, to artificially make our works difficult to find and access and saddle them with high prices in an era when people all over the world could quickly know about our current research results through the Web for no more than the cost to them of their own infrastructure to find and read our works? For more than 200 years copyright law has enabled, and scholars and their publishers have depended on, the mechanism of state-granted monopoly, "creating artificial scarcity" to give publishers a period of time during which they can charge higher prices than the market would otherwise dictate and recover their costs of publishing plus a profit in most cases. But today we have instant access to digital creative works, and easy, world-wide distribution for almost no cost for the reader beyond the cost of computers, internet access and electricity. In this world, the monopolistic mechanism of "artificial scarcity" turns what is one of the most important, most critical advantages of the digital world into something to be fought tooth and nail. The solution isn’t stronger and longer copyrights. It more likely will emerge from massive experimentation to find satisfactory business models that can fund the creation of works, still a costly undertaking, without sacrificing the digital benefit of relatively free distribution to anyone and everyone who might desire to access our works.
Hoorn, Esther "Towards good practices of copyright in Open Access Journals: A study among authors of articles in Open Access journals." University of Groningen
vol., n. (2005). pp.: http://www.lboro.ac.uk/departments/ls/disresearch/poc/pdf/Towards%20Good%20Practices%20of%20Copyright%20in%20Open%20Access%20Journals%20-%20version%201_0new%5B1%5D.pdf
Aim of the study: This study aimed to identify good practices in copyright management in Open Access journals with an emphasis on the authors’ attitudes and viewpoints. Methods: In preparation of a qualitative and quantitative study among academic authors of articles in Open Access journals both a literature survey and a series of interviews with Open Access publishers and copyright experts were carried out in order to identify the main issues in copyright as well as good practices in copyright in Open Access journals. These results were used in a qualitative study among academic authors of articles in Open Access journals (12 interviews) and a quantitative study by means of a websurvey among 1200+ authors mainly from medical and life sciences (with a response of 355 academics, 29%).
Labastida Juan, Ignasi and César Iglesias Rebollo "Guía Sobre Gestión De Derechos De Autor Y Acceso Abierto En Bibliotecas, Servicios De Documentación Y Archivos." SEDIC
vol., n. (2006). pp.: http://www.sedic.es/dchos_autor_normaweb.01.07.pdf
A raíz de una conferencia organizada por SEDIC y realizada en Madrid sobre el acceso libre se nos pidió que reuniéramos toda la información volcada en aquel acto en un texto o una publicación. Hoy en día el movimiento de acceso libre al conocimiento y a la cultura se ha convertido en un movimiento de dimensión mundial con seguidores en diferentes sectores de la sociedad. Aquí queremos exponer una visión de este movimiento y de sus relaciones con la propiedad intelectual y las licencias para contenidos abiertos que sirva de herramienta informativa para cualquier persona interesada pero especialmente para el colectivo de bibliotecarios, archiveros y documentalistas que muchas veces son la punta de lanza de este movimiento en muchas instituciones.
Lorenzo-Escolar, Nieves "La ley de propiedad intelectual y su repercusión en la actividad de las bibliotecas." Revista Española de Documentación Científica
vol. 32, n. 4 (2009). pp. 34-45. http://eprints.rclis.org/18993/1/LPI.pdf
Se analizan las repercusiones que la legislación y las nuevas tecnologías tienen en las bibliotecas en relación a la propiedad intelectual. También se examina el papel que han de tener las bibliotecas en la gestión de aspectos de la propiedad intelectual y las opciones alternativas de publicación en el ámbito académico (Open Access, repositorios)
Marconi, Claudio "Open Access e archivi aperti: nuove modalità di diffusione della letteratura scientifica." E-LIS: E-Prints in Library and Information Science
vol., n. (2008). pp.: http://eprints.rclis.org/15759/
Knowledge as primary good of modern society is a topic widely discussed, so that the latter is often defined in terms of the first as "information society". But what about its particular form which much of today well-being depends on: scientific knowledge? Scholar needs to publish. Academic careers depend on publishing and without scientific pubblications it would not be possible for those who decide to undertake research, build anything: "we are like dwarfs on the shoulders of giants". Scholar, however, soon learns that the traditional scientific publications, except for the text adopted as manuals, are by no means profitable. Equally, the resulting texts are not public but private. In the hands of the publishers they become subject to restrictive policies aimed at maximizing profit, not at dissemination, as any scholar would like. Libraries are forced to buy back for their users something their colleagues have produced without any expectation, except the broader circulation. A third party, the publisher, becomes the filter and a real obstacle to dissemination of scientific knowledge. The argument presented here is based on this paradox, in the belief that speech technology and markets affect the word itself, suggesting a review of recent developments which have affected the scientific communication system and discussing the movement for Open Access to scientific literature, whose goal is precisely the reconciliation between the cultural practices of scholars and the economy these practices are based on.
Morrison, Heather "Open Access, Authors' Rights and the Commons." E-LIS: E-Prints in Library and Information Science
vol., n. (2008). pp.: http://eprints.rclis.org/13570/
Open Access (OA) is beginning to open up interesting conversation about scholarship and copyright. There are already more than 3,300 fully open access, peer-reviewed scholarly journals listed in DOAJ, many millions of items available in open access archives. Research funders, universities and faculty themselves are requiring OA. A traditional copyright transfer agreement in which all rights are assigned by the author to the publisher, does not make sense in this environment. Most publishers are modifying how they work with authors. One approach is a more liberal copyright policy, which leaves some rights with the author. Some publishers use a license to publish approach, leaving copyright with the author and clarifying rights to publish. Many authors are negotiating copyright, whether individually or through the use of Authors' Addenda. Some publishers and authors are using Creative Commons licenses.